DEBITO.ORG
Arudou Debito/Dave Aldwinckle's Home Page

New ebooks by ARUDOU Debito

  • Book IN APPROPRIATE: A novel of culture, kidnapping, and revenge in modern Japan
  • FCCJ No.1 Shimbun: A killing separation: Two French fathers suicide 2010 after marital separation and child abduction

    Posted by Dr. ARUDOU, Debito on January 11th, 2011

    Handbook for Newcomers, Migrants, and Immigrants to Japan\Foreign Residents and Naturalized Citizens Association forming NGO\「ジャパニーズ・オンリー 小樽入浴拒否問題と人種差別」(明石書店)JAPANESE ONLY:  The Otaru Hot Springs Case and Racial Discrimination in Japansourstrawberriesavatardebitopodcastthumb
    UPDATES ON TWITTER: arudoudebito
    DEBITO.ORG PODCASTS on iTunes, subscribe free

    Hi Blog.  Amid rumblings that Japan will sign the Hague Convention on Child Abductions this year (the Yomiuri says it’s currently being “mulled”), here’s another reason why it should be signed — child abductions after separation or divorce are driving parents to suicide.  Read on.  The Yomiuri articles follow.  Arudou Debito

    ////////////////////////////////////////////

    A Killing Separation
    by Regis Arnaud, courtesy of PT
    FCCJ No.1 Shimbun, Mon, 2010-12-20 13:20

    http://www.fccj.or.jp/node/6293

    The life and career of Arnaud Simon once could have exemplified the excellent relationship between Japan and France. A young French historian teaching in Tokyo, Simon was preparing a thesis on the history of thought during the Edo Period. He was married to a Japanese woman. They had one son.

    But on Nov. 20, Arnaud Simon took his own life. He hanged himself. He did not need to leave an explanatory note; his closest friends knew he had lost the appetite for living because his wife would not allow Simon to see his son after their marriage broke up. Simon apparently tried on multiple occasions to take his boy home from school, but the police blocked the young father each time.

    “The lawyers he met were trying to appease him, not help him,” one of his former colleagues remembers.

    Another Frenchman in the same situation, Christophe Guillermin, committed suicide in June. These two deaths are terrible reminders of the hell some foreign parents inhabit in Japan – and because of Japan. When a couple separates here, custody of any children is traditionally awarded to the mother. After that, the children rarely have contact with the “other side”; they are supposed to delete the losing parent from their lives.

    There is no tradition of visitation rights in Japan, and even when those rights are granted, the victory generally comes at the end of a long and costly judicial battle fought in Japanese courts. The visitation rights given are also typically very limited – sometimes just a couple of hours per month. Worse yet, the mother ultimately decides whether she wants to abide by the agreement. The police will not intervene if she refuses, on the grounds that this is a private matter. While there are exceptions, Japanese fathers seem to have basically accepted this practice. For foreign fathers, it is almost universally impossible and unbearable.

    France is particularly touched by these tragedies. There have been many unions between Japanese women and French men, and many breakups. Simon’s death was shocking enough to the French community for the French ambassador to issue a stern and in many ways personal press release afterward: “Mr. Simon recently told the Consulate of the hardships he endured to meet his son, and it is most probable that to be cut off from his son was one of the main reasons (for his suicide). This reminds us, if necessary, of the pain of the 32 French fathers and of the 200 other (foreign cases involving) fathers known to foreign consulates as deprived of their parental rights.”

    During a recent trip related to this subject in Japan, French judge and legal expert Mahrez Abassi said: “Japan has not ratified the Hague Convention on civil aspects of international children’s abductions. There is no bilateral convention on this topic, and our judicial decisions are not recognized in Japan.” Tokyo is in a precarious position on this issue, since one of the main topics of Japan’s diplomacy is the case of Japanese nationals abducted by North Korea, for which Japan requires international solidarity.

    Japan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs seems preoccupied by the problem, which only promises to grow because of the constant rise of international divorces in Japan – now at 6 percent – and of Japanese-foreign births (20,000). Various diplomatic delegations have visited Japan to discuss the issue. France and Japan set up a “consulting committee on the child at the center of a parental conflict” in December 2009. But the National Police Agency, the Justice Ministry, and Japanese civil society in general care little about the issue.

    “There is no system better than another for the child after a breakup,” says a foreign psychiatrist who has followed cases of foreign fathers that have lost access to their children in Japan. “The French and American systems have deep flaws as well. But it is simply unbearable for a French father, for example, to be unable to meet his child.”

    A French lawyer based in Tokyo, adds: “The principle of joint custody as it is known in France does not exist in Japan. To implement such a principle here, we would have to amend the Civil Code, which is very hard for family law matters in this country. If this change is enacted, the police should then compel Japanese families to hand over the ‘disputed’ child to the foreign father. This seems pretty hard to achieve.”

    Regis Arnaud is the Japan correspondent of leading French daily Le Figaro and has been covering Japan since 1995. He is also a movie producer. His next project, called CUT, laments the decline of the Japanese movie industry.
    ENDS

    /////////////////////////////////////////

    Govt to mull joining child custody pact

    The Yomiuri Shimbun (Jan. 11, 2011)

    http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/national/T110110004062.htm

    The government has decided to set up a council to weigh joining the Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction, which pertains to disputes over parents’ custodial rights to children born in international marriages, sources said.

    The council of senior vice ministerial-level officials, to be set up by the end of this month, is to compile a report by the end of March.

    That would allow Prime Minister Naoto Kan to make an announcement on joining the convention during his visit to the United States in spring.

    The move comes as the government works to mend ties with the United States, which have been strained by the relocation of the U.S. Marine Corps’ Futenma Air Station in Okinawa Prefecture and other issues.

    The U.S. government has repeatedly urged Japan to join the Hague convention.

    Despite the fast-track timeline for the council’s report, some in the government and the Democratic Party of Japan remain cautious about joining the convention.

    The convention stipulates that children born in international marriages should be returned to their original country of residence in cases where parental rights are in dispute.

    The convention came into effect in 1983. As of December, 82 countries, including most Western nations, were party to the convention.

    Among Group of Eight countries, only Japan and Russia have not joined the convention.

    There have been many cases in which Japanese whose international marriages failed have brought their children to Japan without notifying their spouses or former spouses.

    Non-Japanese parents in such cases who want to meet with their children are unable to take any legal action because Japan has not joined the convention.

    Many such cases therefore become seriously problematic.

    Western countries have urged Japan to join the convention as soon as possible.

    The U.S. Congress in September last year adopted a resolution demanding Japan join the convention. The pressure from Washington has been mounting and the issue has become a point of tension between the two nations.

    On Thursday, when Foreign Minister Seiji Maehara and U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton met in Washington, Clinton asked for Japan to act expeditiously to join the convention. Maehara replied that the Japanese government would discuss it seriously.

    In February last year, then Prime Minister Yukio Hatoyama instructed the Foreign Ministry and the Justice Ministry to examine joining the convention as quickly as possible, but a decision was put off due to resistance within the ministries.

    Some voiced concern that joining the convention could mean Japanese wives who had escaped with their children from abusive husbands would be forced to return to an unhealthy or dangerous environment.

    At the time, a senior Justice Ministry official said there was no public consensus on the issue.

    A number of DPJ members have expressed reservations about Japan joining the convention.

    ends
    /////////////////////////////////////////////////

    国際結婚の親権ルール、ハーグ条約加盟表明へ

    (2011年1月10日03時02分  読売新聞)

    http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/politics/news/20110110-OYT1T00003.htm
    政府は9日、国際結婚で生まれた子供の親権争いの解決ルールを定めた「ハーグ条約」加盟に向け、月内にも関係省庁による副大臣級会議を設置する方針を固めた。

    米国が再三求めてきた同条約の締結により、米軍普天間飛行場移設問題などで揺れた日米関係の立て直しの一助にする思惑があるとみられる。政府・民主党内にはなお、慎重論が根強くあるが、菅首相の春の訪米の際に加盟方針を表明することを視野に検討を進め、3月中に政府見解をまとめる予定だ。

    同条約を巡っては、国際結婚が破綻した日本人の親が結婚相手に無断で子供を日本に連れ帰り、外国人の親が面会を求めても、日本は条約非加盟のために法的に対応できず、トラブルになる事例が相次いでいる。欧米諸国は日本の早期加盟を求め、とくに米国は昨年9月に下院が日本政府に加盟を求める決議を採択するなど圧力を強めていて、日米間の摩擦になっている。6日(日本時間7日)のワシントンでの日米外相会談でも、クリントン国務長官が前原外相に早期加盟を求め、前原氏は「真剣に検討する」と応じた。

    日本では昨年2月、鳩山首相(当時)が外務、法務両省に早期加盟に向けた結論を出すよう指示。しかし、条約加盟により、DV(家庭内暴力)や虐待から逃れて子連れで帰国した日本人の妻を夫のもとに戻す事態なども想定され、「世論の合意ができていない」(法務省幹部)との慎重論、消極論も根強く、結論が先送りされてきた。民主党内でも、同条約加盟に関する小委員会が昨年11月にまとめた文書で、「『子の迅速な返還』が過度に強調され、利益にかなっていない事例がある」と問題点を指摘するなど、慎重な対応を求める声がある。

    ends

    5 Responses to “FCCJ No.1 Shimbun: A killing separation: Two French fathers suicide 2010 after marital separation and child abduction”

    1. Mike DeJong Says:

      Hi Debito. I feel sorry for these guys, but can totally sympathize. My case is similar. Sometimes I get so depressed I can’t stand it.

      But I think one aspect that’s missing in all the coverage I’ve read is the way that the abductors are aided and abetted by their lawyers.

      My wife would’ve been more reasonable before hiring her lawyer. But now, her guy barters with my son. It’s horrible. These guys are slime… they know the system – and how foreign dads are desperate and vulnerable – and milk it to their advantage.

      Why doesn’t someone write about this?

    2. Eric Kalmus Says:

      Hi Mike,

      I would love to hear about this attorney of hers, and possibly add him to our blacklist on CRN. feel free to contact me by email. I would really appreciate it. We run an attorneys blacklist on CRNJapan.net just for people like your ex’s attorney. If they try and stop a child from having visitation with their natural parent, we believe the world should know. A simple Google of that attorneys name will bring up the fact that he / she is not in the business of upholding human rights.

      Eric Kalmus

    3. Cornelia Says:

      It’s important to realize that these separations of parents from their children is the status quo in Japan when Japanese couples separate and/or get divorced. Also, it is not always the mother who gets the children. There are several Japanese women in the Japanese grass roots groups who are also suffering because they are not allowed to see their children.

      This is not simply a case of discrimination against foreigners. It’s much, much deeper than that. It’s deeply embedded in the social system imposed over time, through the koseki system. A child can not be on two kosekis simultaneously (which would be the only way to institutionalize “joint” anything after a divorce). The child must go to one family or the other family, just as the wife’s name is struck from the husband’s koseki in a divorce, the child’s name either stays or is struck too.

      Some will say that I’m over-simplifying, surely there is a capability for more innovative solutions? Not at this time. Family court judges have absolutely now power to punish non-cooperation.

      Yes, the lawyers make things worse, not better. I spoke to a Japanese woman who actually moved back together again with her English husband, after she realized that her lawyer was actually forcing her further away from her husband than she had intended to go. (This couple has a daughter, and I think they are still together in the UK at this time. This one had a happy ending.)

      I’ve been involved with this particular childrens rights issue in Japan since about 2003, and there has been no change whatsoever on a legislative level. The one thing that defies logic is that Japanese women have been able to retrieve children “abducted” by their American husbands to the USA using the US laws and Hague Convention (the USA is signatory), whereas children “abducted” to Japan by Japanese parents are NEVER returned.

      There is even talk that if Japan were to become a signatory, there still might not be overwhelming improvement; however, everyone agrees that it would be better than the current stalemate. Nevertheless, it won’t help the children separated from a parent within the Japanese/Japanese divorces, because it only deals with international movements of these children, primarily from dual-nationality marriages.

      There is not even agreement on what exactly are a child’s rights! The Japanese child rights focus on items like food, health, safety, education, but make no mention that a child has two biological parents and a right to know both of them regardless of the relationship between the two parents. Admittedly, this is a fairly modern idea even in so-called Western cultures. There have been big changes in attitudes since the end of World War II.

      It’s a complex subject, and the reporting doesn’t really cover it well.

      The one thing I’ve learned (not only with child custody issues but in general) is that “justice” is very illusive. It’s something that constantly needs monitoring and battling for, and is very difficult to maintain and keep. Just today I received an email that I’ve been turned down for a short term job grading essays because of my age (I’m not anywhere near the official age of retirement!). These continuous assaults on our sense that the world is essentially a sane place ARE depressing. Thanks Debito for the energy you put into the fight!

    4. Ron Kaloostian Says:

      It gets even worse. An old colleague of mine is a lawyer in Tokyo trying to get back his daughter (about 5yo). His Japanese wife died of cancer, and for a few months to recover his state of mind, he left his daughter (2-3yo at the time). When he returned to take back his daughter, lawyers got involved and his parents in law asserted child abuse. He has not been able to see his child since. Search “Paul Wong” on the internet.

    5. jonholmes Says:

      The Beeb taking up the story now. Will the Japanese Embassy complain? (sarcasm mine)

      http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-12358440

    Leave a Reply